I Will Harden His Heart (Exodus 4)

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Moses is reluctant to accept the great mission to lead his people out of Egypt, and raises several objections. The Lord provides him with three miraculous signs, which one early Christian writer saw as foreshadowing the gospel story. Moses then claims he is not a good speaker. While many today consider this an excuse, early Christians saw this as a noteworthy example of humility. Finally, we tackle the troublesome reference to God "hardening Pharaoh’s heart." Did Pharaoh have free will? Do we? We consider how early Christians understood this passage in connection with Romans 9, in contrast to the claims of modern Calvinists.

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I Will Harden His Heart (Exodus 4) - Lesson Outline (PDF)

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